Rules for dependants’ leave
If you have the right to dependants’ leave, how many days are you entitled to and what should you do if you become ill on such a day? Find the answers to your questions on dependants’ leave or get specialised legal advice from one of our lawyers.
You have the right to dependants’ leave if you are covered by the collective agreement between Finansforbundet (Financial Services Union Denmark) and Finanssektorens Arbejdsgiverforening and receive full salary from your employer. This means that you also have the right to dependants’ leave if you are ill and receive salary during illness or if you are on paid leave, e.g. pregnancy, parental or adoption leave or leave for taking care of terminally ill persons.
However, you do not have a right to dependants’ leave:
- If you have been employed for less than one month
- During periods where you do not receive salary or, for example, when your employer only pays pension contribution. For example, this is the case if, in connection with parental leave, you are only paid pension contribution and not a salary.
If you are an insurance agent and are employed pursuant to the Insurance Agent collective agreement, you have the right to five days of dependants’ leave per year. You pay for the days yourself, unless otherwise agreed locally. However, it is a prerequisite that a local agreement has been reached concerning how you should pay for the days of dependants’ leave.
Questions about dependants’ leave
As a general rule, you must use the dependants’ leave as whole days, unless a local agreement is in place at your company that allows you take the leave in half-days or by the hour.
There is no agreement in place as to the notice you must provide prior to using your dependants' leave. However, the general rule is that you must enter into an agreement and take into consideration the operation of the workplace. This could mean that your employer may deny your request if it will have a major impact on the company.
If you disagree on when to take your dependants’ leave, you can contact your professional representative.
Neither you nor your employer can unilaterally change when dependants’ leave is taken once an agreement has been reached. Such a change requires that you agree. Only in very special cases where there is a situation similar to force majeure can your employer unilaterally make such a change.
You must postpone your dependants’ leave if you fall ill.
If you have agreed to take several consecutive days of dependants’ leave, you can only postpone the days when you are ill. The days when you are not ill will be considered used unless you agree with your employer that they can be postponed.
If you do not use your days of dependants’ leave, they will be moved to the time bank. You can then use the dependants’ leave in the same way as you use other hours in your time bank, i.e. you can take time off in lieu or have them paid out.
There is a difference if your part-time work spans five days a week or if it involves fewer days:
- For example, if you go from full-time to part-time work on 30 June, working five days a week, and have already taken four days of dependants’ leave, you still have the right to the fifth day in the last part of the calendar year. No conversion to hours is necessary. However, if you took a day of dependants’ leave before 30 June, you have the right to four days in the remainder of the calendar year.
- If, on 30 June, you switch from full-time to a part-time position where you work every second day, and if you already used three days of dependants’ leave, you will have two days left. However, since you are only working every other day, the conversion rules mean that you can only use one day of dependants’ leave in the rest of the calendar year.
If you are dismissed or resign, the unused days of dependants’ leave are converted to hours and added to your time bank.
However, your company may have entered into a local agreement that prevents the dependants’ leave from being transferred to the time bank. This means that your employer may demand that you either use the dependants’ leave in a release period or that you can get it proportionately paid out when you resign. The number of days of dependants’ leave are calculated as follows:
- Before 31 March: one day of dependants’ leave
- before 30 June: Two days of dependants’ leave
- before 30 September: Three days of dependants’ leave
- latest 30 November: Four days of dependants’ leave
- after 30 November: Five days of dependants’ leave
You can at most be awarded five days of dependants’ leave per calendar/holiday year, even if you move to a different company within FA’s membership area.
Would you like to learn more about dependants’ leave?
You can read more about the rules for dependants’ leave in the guide Vejledning om omsorgsdage (Guidelines on dependants’ leave) (pdf)